**Title:** Wind Energy

**Credits:** 4

**Coordinator:** Baosen Zhang, Assistant Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering

**Goals:** This course covers how electrical power is obtained from wind, perform basic calculations for
wind power based on wind turbine characteristics and terrain, explain what are the main considerations for wind
power integration, how to think probabilistically about uncertainties in wind power and solve optimization problems
using commercial packages.

**Learning Objectives:** At the end of this course, students will be able to:

*Understand*the basic components of wind energy systems.*Understand*the basic types of solid-state converter circuits used in wind turbines.*Understand*the operation and control of wind turbines.*Understand*the integration challenges of wind power plants.*Understand*the various techniques to effectively integrate large wind power systems into utility grids.

**Textbook:** Mohamed A. El-Sharkawi, *Wind Energy: An Introduction*, 2014

**Reference Texts:** *IEEE Transactions papers.*

**Prerequisites by Topic:**

- Elementary power and energy concepts
- AC circuits
- Transistors and diodes
- Calculus

**Topics:**

- Kinetic Energy of Winds
- Wind Turbines
- Fundamentals of Power Electronic Conversions
- Different Types of Turbines
- Wind Energy and the Environment
- Wind Integration Problems
- Wind Integration Solutions

- Induction generator

- Doubly-fed Induction Generator

- Synchronous Generator

- Reactive Power

- Voltage Flickers

- Frequency deviations and Harmonics

- Voltage stability

- Impact of system Faults

- Wind Energy Forecasting

- Adaptive VAR Compensator

- Voltage and frequency control

- System islanding

- Ride-though Faults

- Load Following

- Energy Regulation

- Unit Committment in Stocastic Environment

**Course Structure:** The class meets for two 110 minutes (1 hour and 50 minutes) lectures a week.
There is weekly homework, a midterm and a final.

**Computer Resources:** All work can be done on any computer using open source software.

**Laboratory Resources:** N/A

**Grading:** 30% homework, 30% midterm and 40% final

**ABET Student Outcome Coverage:** This course addresses the following outcomes:

H = high relevance, M = medium relevance, L = low relevance to course.

(1) *An ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering,
science, and mathematics.* **(H)** Students use models of various elements of wind energy systems including
speed to power conversions, turbines, generators, power electronic circuits, protection, and system integration issues.

(3) *An ability to communicate effectively with a range of audiences.* **(L)** The students are required
to prepare written answers to some open-ended homework questions. Grades are given for technical and writing quality.

(4) *An ability to recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed
judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal
contexts.* **(M)** The students are given talks on ethical responsibility pertaining to issues relating the
generation of electric energy from wind. This course discusses the balance between societal needs for electric energy,
the environmental impacts of generation and utilization and the technical challenges of generating reliable power from
wind. Pros and cons of each type of wind turbine is discussed. Attention is given on current energy issues such as cost,
environmental impacts and government policies. Students are engaged during the lecture time in discussing and evaluating
these issues.

(7) *An ability to acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies.* **(M)**
The students are encouraged to search the web and use other resources and learn how the technologies are changing
and what are the open problems in the field.

**Prepared by:** Baosen Zhang

**Last revised:** 12/2018